How are pockets of water detected underground?

You may feel like your chiropractor is the key to survival but water is the basic life force of the planet. The plane cannot survive without water as it is depended upon by all form of life on the planet. Our planet is basically made up of 75% water. The water in the vast oceans are what have become the basis for our planets nickname, “the blue planet”.

Underground oceans
Recent studies seem to indicate that there are vast reservoirs of water that are tied up deep in the earth’s mantle. There have been discovered deep pockets of water in the earth. This water is, however, not in any of the conventional forms that we know it by; liquid water, water vapor and ice. The water is in a hydroxyl radicle that combines with the minerals deep in the earth at a molecular level. This is because the extreme temperatures and extreme temperatures found deep in the earth cause the water to split to the OH radicle. This water that has been bound to minerals could prove to be the largest water reservoir in existence. Scientists believe that tectonic plates circulate this water in and out. The vast reservoirs are what scientists believe to be the cause of all the water that we have on the planet. It is believed to be the missing piece of the whole earth water cycle.

How to detect this water
There are several scientific methods that can be used to detect and locate underground water. These methods are used to determine how deep these water pockets are, the quality of this water, and the quantities that the water is in. the topography of the land can be used to indicate the probability of occurrence of underground water. The probability of finding shallow underground water in valleys is higher than below hills. The presence of certain plants in certain areas indicate the presence of shallow underground water.

Use of geology
This is the most valuable means of ascertaining the probability of underground water. To determine the probability of underground water, geologist will take out a map of all the rocks found either on the surface or below the surface. There are underground rocks known as aquifers that hold on to a fair amount of water. They may stretch for a long distance and will be indicative of equal distribution of underground water. Some other types of rocks might contain cracks that are large enough to hold underground water.

Existing wells
The information from existing wells is also useful for a hydrologist. The depth that the wells have to attain in order to get to water as well as the type of water that emerges from the well gives the hydrologist key information about the availability of underground water. Wells generally give information on the water in aquifers. Chemical tests that are done on the water can give an in-depth hunch as to the composition of the aquifer.

The groundwater pockets are huge reservoirs of water that could potentially end many crisis. The water is stored deep in the earth and also close by as groundwater in aquifers. More studies have actually revealed that the earth holds enough water to cater for the whole population living on it.



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